（一） 如此……以至于 so +adj.+be +主词+that +句子
So valuable is water resource that we should protect it.
So expensive is the fee of international tour that many people can not afford it.
（二）不可否认的是 There is no denying that… It is an undeniable fact that…
There is no denying that South American countires make great contributions to the development of human beings' civilization.
It is an undeniable fact that the information technology industry has provided a substantial source of income for many conntries.
（三）…的主要原因是… the main (major /primary) cause /reason of … lies in…
The main cause fo species extinction actually lies in the urbanization.
The primary cause of racial discrimination actually lies in the human nature.
（四）A 对B 产生某种影响 A has (have) an impact (effect/influence) on B
好的影响 A has (have) beneficial/positive/favorable effect (impact/influence) on B
Exercise has great beneficial impact on depression.
坏的影响 A has (have) harmful/negative/detrimental impact (effect/influence) on B
Gambling has a negative impact on our society.
（五）全世界都知道… It is universally acknowledged that…
It is universally acknowledge that "where there is a will, there is a way."
（六）…一定会… 主语 + will never fail to… (双重否定句)
Human beings will never fail to achieve greater success in science and technology !
（七）…的优点是… An advantage of … is that+ 句子
An advantage of eating an apple a day is that can help you to keep fit.
An advantage of using the solar energy is that it will not create (produce) any pollution.
（八）…对…造成很大威胁/影响… …pose a great threat /effect to
Terrorism poses a great threat to the peace of the world.
The sand storm poses a great threat to our existance.
（九）…问题正变的越来越严重 The problem of …is becoming increasingly severe(grave/serious)
The problem of froest disappearance is becoming increasing severe.
（十）A is an indispensable part of B
Mobile phone has been an indispensable part of our life, and it has been exerting profound influence on the way we work and play.
This lecture will be firmly rooted in my mind. (代词)
Discussions led Bush and me to the conclusion.（名词）
Ceaseless efforts on the part of me are certainly required.（形容词）
According to my investigation， an increasing number of people prefer to stay at home and surf the internet. （介词）
We almost forget the 9.11 tragedy.
The 9.11 tragedy had almost been faded in our memory.
Many people are complaining China's extensive shortage of energy.
China's extensive shortage of energy is the source of great complaint.
We are getting more and more workloads in this rapid-paced world.
The rapid-paced world has always been imposing increasing workloads on us.
People often discuss the possiblity that renewable resources will replace the fossil fuels.(人们经常讨论可再生能源代替化石燃料的可能性.)
Discussions spring up as to the possibility that renewable resources will replace the fossil fuels.
用for, despite, from, under, besides, with, without, 等介词开头，是使句子生动变化的一种手段。
* For people who… “对于…人来说”
For the majority of people who have already retired, reading has become the source of happiness in their life.
For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge.
当句中一个动作是另外一个动作发生的前提，可以用“with + 动词的名词形式”表示这个前提。
With the develoment of urbanization many villages are becoming increasing crowed.
With the rapid growth of population,the amount of materials used has increasing at an alarming rate.
* "Without + 名词"
Without one hundred percent hard work, achieving success is impossible.
Without historic buildings, a lot of cities lose their culture image or even dentity.
* 句式1： just as …, so … （比较相似性）
Just as water is indispensable to fish, so is steal to the development of car industry.
* 句式2： … and … share…in common（比较相同点）
Except differences on political problems, China and the U.S.A. share many interests in common in the foreign trade area.
* 句式3: The differences between … and … lie in … （比较不同点）
The differences between the Chinese youth and Japanese youth lie in their cultures and personalities.
The greatest difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies in the way each treats opportunities.
倒装句的作用：* 强调 * 承上启下 * 制造悬念
* 否定词/词组 位于句首，主谓倒装
a ) 常用否定词： Rarely, scarcely, seldom, hardly, few
Rarely will a horror movie frighten me any more.
Seldom will a chemical factory be established without polluting the living space of our city's inhabitants.
b) 常用否定词组: on no account, at no time, in no place
On no account should we admire those politicians blindly.
At no time has our contry been more prosperous than at present.
* “句子扩充”方法1: 拆分
常用词汇： 1. including 2. such as
① 玩网络游戏是时下最流行的娱乐方式，玩家往往来自不同年龄段的人群。 包括，儿童，青少年，成年人，甚至是老年人。
Playing on line games is one of the most popular entertainments shared by people of different ages, including children, teenagers, adults or even the old generation.
Advertising refers to presenting information relating to a product or service by a variety of media, including television, radio, newspapers, magazines and so forth.
Overworking is linked to lots of adverse health effects, including headaches anxiety, profound fatigue and many other occupational diseases .
It is generally believed that movies can reflect people's way of life in a country, including dresses, languages, and manners.
2. such as
To car users, listening to the radio while driving is an effective means of gaining the latest information, such as news, weather forecast, stock market and so forth.
② 过度使用能源的最终后果是环境问题都会变得更加严重。 比如酸雨、温室效应、水土流失。
The net result of excessive energy use is that environment problems will become more serious , such as acid rain, the greenhouse effect, and soil erosion.
It cannot be denied that most of the problems affecting the natural world such as ozone depletion, deforestations, and species extinction, are by-products of economic growth.
* “句子扩充”方法2: 加并列名词
Fashions may vary significantly within a society according to age, social class, occupation and location.
I am convinced that the government should bring forward legislations to outlaw the discrimination of race, gender, age and disability.
Young people can adapt to a new country more easily because they have less fixed ideas, beliefs and personalities.
Self-esteem，self-confidence and self-discipline are all elements that required for one to succeed throughout life.
Ethnic tension，cultural diversity and religious differences are those issues that a multi-ethnic society has to address.
* “句子扩充”方法3: 加定于从句
The International Red Cross is an organization.
The International Red Cross is an organization whose purpose is to help the sick and the needy.
Nanjing is a capital city.
Nanjing is an attractive place,
Several important kings in Chinese history built their palaces in Nanjing.
Nanjing is a capital city, which is an attractive place, in which several important kings in Chinese history built their palaces.
TV is one of the most pervasive modern technologies.
TV has entered people's lives several decades ago.
TV has great impact on both our life-style and our thought.
TV, one of the most pervasive modern technologies, which has entered people's lives several decades ago, has great impact on both our life-style and our thought.
A recent newspaper report states that today's students are “more materialistic and less altruistic”.
But in the past they did not behave like this.
The report is based on a survey.
The survey is conducted annually among college freshmen.
A recent newspaper report which is based on a survey conducted annually among college freshmen states that today's students are “more materialistic and less altruistic” than at any other time.